Preamble of The Indian Constitution - Chapter 3 - Important for WBCS, WBPSC, SSC, IBPS and more (Constitution)


Preamble of The Indian Constitution

What is Premble?
Preamble is an introductory part of the constitution/A written Characteristics of the constitution/A short form of Constitution/A philosophical Part of the Constitution.
** The constitution of India preceded by a preamble which outlines its aim and objectives. It reads, “ WE THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemlyresolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, and to secure to all citizens .
JUSTICE, social, economic and political.
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity and to promote among them all.
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty sixth of November, 1949 do HEREBY ADOPT,ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.”


*Purpose of Preamble : It serves basically two purposes.
i) It indicates the source from which the constitution derives its authority.
ii)  It also states that the objects which the constitution seeks to establish and promote.
Important Points :
1.       Jawaharlal Nehru ji , in 1946, 13th dec, first proposed to include a preamble with the constitution. The Objective Resolution proposed by Nehru Ji , became the Preamble.
2.       Preamble adopted : 22nd Jan, 1947.
3.       Idea of Preamble derieved from : U.S.A
4.       Language of Preamble derieved from : France
5.       First and last Amended : 1976, 42nd Amendment.(Mini Constitution) ( 3 words, Socialist, Secular and integrity included)
6.       It is not Justiciable in court of law i.e. not justiciable in Nature.

7.       In Berubari Case, 1960, Supreme Court declare that preamble is not a part of the constitution.
8.       In Keshavnand Bharti Case, 1973, Supreme Court declare that the preamble is an integral Part of the Constitution.
9.       The Idea of Liberty, fraternity and Equality is from : French revolution.
10.   Idea of Justice : Russia.
Important Dialogue/question on Preamble :
Important Quotes/Dialogue/Question
By
Preamble is basically a social document
Granville Austine
Preamble is a political Hororscope
K.M. Munshi
Preamble is a paradise of lawyer
M.V. Paylee`
Preamble is a key to the constitution
Earnest Barker
Preamble is a sole of the constitution
Thakurdas Bhargava
Preamble is a valuable jewel in our constitution
Thakurdas Bhargava


For Quiz on this chapter : Visit Here
For chapter 4 – Parts of the Constitution of India






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