Our State - West Bengal - Chapter 1 - Important for WBCS and State Level Exams ( West Bengal Geography )

West Bengal : Our State – Part 1


Basic Facts : West Bengal



4th Most populous state of India, having 7.54% population of india. In terms of Area, west Bengal is 14th largest state in india.
Established: 1st November, 1956
Latitude: 21 degree 20 min north to 27 deg 32 min north
Longitude: 85 deg 50 min east to 89 deg 52 min east
State Capital : Kolkata
Number Of District : 23 (deatailed discussion here)
Neighbouring State : Assam, Bihar, Jharkhan, Oddisa and Sikkim
International boundary : Bangladesh (Largest), Nepal and bhutan
Official Language : Bengali
Number of Airport: 13
International Airport : 1
Military Airport : 5
Domestic Airport : 3
State Animal : Fishing Cat
State Flower : Night Flowering Jasmine
State Tree : chatian
State Bird : White Throated Kingfisher

Administration : West Bengal


First Chief Minister
Dr Prafulla Ch Ghosh
Present Chief Minister
Smt. Mamata Banerjee
First Governor
Sri. C. Rajagopalachari
Present Rajyapal
Sri. Keshari Nath Tripathi
Seats in Lok Sabha
42
Seats in Rajya Sabha
16
Seats in Bidhan Sabha
295
Number of District
23
Number of Municipalities
119
Number of Municipal Corporation
7
Zilla Parishad
18
Panchayat Samities
341
Mahakuma Parishad
1 (Siliguri)
Number of National Highway
17
High Court
The Calcutta High Court
Administrative Divisions
Jalpaiguri, Burdwan and Presidency,Malda and Medinipore

Census 2011 : Final Data
Total population : 9,12,76,115
Sex Ratio : 950 per 1000 males ( India : 943)
Child Sex Ratio : 956 (India : 919)
Literacy Rate : 76.26 % (India : 73%)
Population Density : 1028 (2nd in India, Bihar 1st  “1106” – India : 382)
Populous District : North 24 pgs
Largest District : South 24 pgs

Decadal Growth Rate : 13.84% ( India : 17.7%)
Highest population density : Kolkata (24,306)
Lowest population Density : Purulia (468)
Highest Sex Ratio : Darjeeling ( 970 )
Lowest Sex Ratio : Kolkata (908 )
Religion in West Bengal
Major Religion in West Bengal
Percent
Hindu
72.5
Muslim
25.2
Others
                       2 Approx

National Parks in West Bengal
Park
Area(in sq km)
District
Estd Year
Buxa National Park
117
Alipurduar
1982
Sunderban National Park
1330
South 24 pgs
1984
Neora Valley National Park
88
Darjeeling
1986
Singalila National Park
79
Darjeeling
1986
Gorumara National Park
80
Jalpaiguri
1994
Jaldapara National Park
220
Alipurduar
2012


Willife Sanctuaries in West Bengal (15)
Wildlife Sanctuary
District
Important Points
Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary
Birbhum
Known As Deer Park (Blackbuck,spotted deer)
Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary
Nadia
Estd in 1980 to preserve a portion of central Gangetic Alluvial Ecozone
Bibhutibhusan Wildlife Sanctuary
North 24 Pgs
Previously know Parmadan forest, banks of river Icchamati
Chapramari wildlife Sanctuary
Jalpaiguri
Known for its elephant population, house of Royal Bengal tiger, received water from Teesta, neora and murti river
Hiliday Island Wildlife Sanctuary
South 24 pgs
Surrounded by Matla River
Jore Pokhri Wildlife Sanctuary
Darjeeling
Home of Himalayan Salamander, locally known as Gora. Artificialy decorated Forest.
Lothin Island Wildlife Sanctuary
South 24 Pgs
Sea turtle, spotted deer, macaque etc
Mahanada Wildlife Sanctuary
Darjeeliing
Important corridor for elephant migrating from Nepal
Narendrapur Wildlife Sanctuary
South 24 Pgs
Orchard Plantation, Smallest
Raiganj Wildlife sanctuary
North Dinajpur
Known as Kulik Bird sanctuary, shape of sanctuary – English Alphabet “U”
Ramnabagan Wildlife Sanctuary
Burdwan

Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary
South 24 Pgs

Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary
Darjeeling
One of oldest sanctuary of india . estd – 1915
West Sunderban Wildlife Sanctuary
South 24 pgs
Declared as a new wildlife sanctuary, 2013
Chintamani kar Wildlife sanctuary
South 24 pgs
Known as Kayaler Bagan. Its a bird sanctuary.

Art And Culture : West Bengal


Folk Dances of West Bengal
Chhau, Jhumar, Tusu Parab
Dokra
The Group of Craftsmen
Crafts
Chou Masks, Bankura’s horses, chalchitra’s
Musical instrument
Ekktara, khol, Khamak, harmonium






Join Our Official Facebook Group For More.
Please Like our Facebook Page and Support Us

#Please share this material with your friends..
#Sharing is caring..
Info Jugglers
Info Jugglers

This Website is created by info jugglers. info Jugglers are Associate with other educational websites ( Exam Manzil , All Exam Preps ), travel Blogs ( explore Coochbehar ), Music websites and many more.

1 comment:

  1. Comment your feedbacks here... #dont forget to share... thank you

    ReplyDelete

Study Materials

Important Information